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Chinese Journal of Materials Research  2020, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 443-451    DOI: 10.11901/1005.3093.2019.489
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CO2 Corrosion Behaviour of A Novel Al-containing Low Cr Steel in A Simulated Oilfield Formation Water
ZHU Jinyang1(), TAN Chengtong2, BAO Feihu1, XU Lining2
1.National Center for Materials Service Safety, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2.Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
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The corrosion behavior of a new developed 3Cr2Al steel in a simulated high-temperature and high-pressure oilfield formation water was studied by means of weight loss method and electrochemical technique, as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) etc. Results show that compared with the plain 3Cr steel, the corrosion rate of 3Cr2Al steel decreases significantly. By short period (about 20 h) test and long period (about 144 h) test, the corrosion rate for 3Cr2Al decreases about 15% and 69%, respectively. The addition of a small amount of Al could improve the CO2 corrosion resistance of the 3Cr2Al steel to certain extent. This is mainly due to the fact that not only the Cr-, but also the Al-enrichment did emerge in the corrosion product on the steel surface, which thereby improves the protectiveness of the corrosion product scale. In the solution with lower Cl- concentration, the Al/Fe atomic ratio in the corrosion product is much higher than the Cr/Fe atomic ratio, namely, the enrichment of Al is more obvious. If the Cl- concentration in the solution increases, the Al/Fe atomic ratio in the corrosion product scale decreased significantly, the enrichment of Al is weakened, correspondingly, the semi-passivation disappeared.

Key words:  materials failure and protection      Cr-containing low alloy steel      CO2 corrosion      elemental enrichment      semi-passivation     
Received:  22 October 2019     
ZTFLH:  TG174.2  
Fund: National Natural Science Foundation of China(51871025)
Corresponding Authors:  ZHU Jinyang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

ZHU Jinyang, TAN Chengtong, BAO Feihu, XU Lining. CO2 Corrosion Behaviour of A Novel Al-containing Low Cr Steel in A Simulated Oilfield Formation Water. Chinese Journal of Materials Research, 2020, 34(6): 443-451.

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Table 1  Major elemental compositions of 3Cr2Al steel (%,mass fraction)
Solution A024.
Solution B432.824.
Table 2  Compositions of two oil field formation water simulated solutions (mmol/L)
Fig.1  Microstructure images of 3Cr2Al steel (a) low magnification, (b) high magnification
Fig.2  Macroscopic morphologies of 3Cr2Al steel with (a, b) and without (c, d) corrosion scales formed after corrosion for (a, c) 20 h and (b, d) 144 h
Fig.3  Corrosion rates of 3Cr and 3Cr2Al steels in a CO2-saturated solution
Fig.4  Microscopic morphology and EDS analysis of the corrosion film formed on 3Cr2Al steel
Fig.5  Cross-sectional morphology of 3Cr2Al steel after corrosion
Fig.6  Raman spectra of the corrosion film on 3Cr2Al steel
Fig.7  Elemental mapings on the cross section of the corrosion film formed on 3Cr2Al steel in the solution A
Fig.8  Contents of major elements and enrichments of Al and Cr in the corrosion film on 3Cr2Al steel
Fig.9  Elemental mapings on the cross section of the corrosion film formed on 3Cr2Al steel in the solution B
Fig.10  Comparisons of contents of major elements in the corrosion films formed on 3Cr2Al steel in the solution A and solution B
Fig.11  Potentiodynamic polarization curves of 3Cr2Al steel in the solution A and solution B
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