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Chinese Journal of Materials Research  2021, Vol. 35 Issue (2): 101-109    DOI: 10.11901/1005.3093.2020.409
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Effect of Pre-corrosion by Salt Spray on Extremely Low Cycle Fatigue Performance of HRB400E Seismic Steel Bar
CHEN Lifei1, LUO Yunrong1(), ZHANG Yingqian2, LI Hui1, LI Xiulan1, LIAO Wenli3
1.College of Mechanical Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000, China
2.College of Civil Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000, China
3.College of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong 643000, China
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The effect of pre-corrosion by salt spray on the extremely-low cycle fatigue performance of HRB400E steel was studied. The steel samples were firstly subjected to salt spray corrosion with NaCl solution for 30~90 days, and then subjected to extremely-low cycle fatigue test via an axial displacement control facility to simulate the strong earthquake loading. Therewith, the relationship between the loading and cycle numbers, as well as the strain-life curves were obtained. Finally, the fracture faces were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that the decline rates of life after pre-corrosion for 30 days, 60 days and 90 days were 4.4%~10.2%, 14.3%~31.8% and 7.8%~30%, respectively. The crack initiation life accounts for 90% of the total life, and the strain amplitude of 3% is the turning point between ultra-low cycle and low cycle fatigue. Salt spray corrosion has no obvious effect on the cyclic response characteristics and Masing characteristics of the test material. At last, the fracture zone was crescent-shaped along the edge of the test material. Longer salt spray corrosion time and higher strain amplitude would lead to dimples in the final fracture zone.

Key words:  metallic materials      HRB400E seismic steel bar      salt spray pre-corrosion      extremely low cycle fatigue (ELCF)      microscopic fracture mechanism     
Received:  28 September 2020     
ZTFLH:  TG142.1  
Fund: National Natural Science Foundation of China(51701133);Sichuan Education Department Project(16ZB0255);Key Laboratory Project of Sichuan University(2018QYJ03)
Corresponding Authors:  LUO Yunrong     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

CHEN Lifei, LUO Yunrong, ZHANG Yingqian, LI Hui, LI Xiulan, LIAO Wenli. Effect of Pre-corrosion by Salt Spray on Extremely Low Cycle Fatigue Performance of HRB400E Seismic Steel Bar. Chinese Journal of Materials Research, 2021, 35(2): 101-109.

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Table 1  Chemical composition of HRB400E steel bar (mass fraction, %)

Yield strength,


Tensile strength,



at break,


Modulus of elasticity,


Table 2  Mechanical properties of HRB400E steel bar
Corrosion time/dεa/%εpaεeaNfΔWp/MJ·m-3ΔWe/MJ·m-3ΔWt/MJ·m-3
Table 3  ELCF test results
Fig.1  Relationships between plastic strain amplitude and total strain amplitude for different samples
Fig.2  Cyclic response characteristics of steel bar samples. (a) uncorroded and corroded for (b) 30 d, (c) 60 d, 90 d (d)
Fig.3  Variations of maximum tensile and compressive forces with cycle time, (a) εa=3%; (b) εa=3.2%
Fig.4  Strain amplitude-life curves of steel bar samples during ELCF test
Corrosion time/dεf'c






Table 4  ELCF parameters
Fig.5  Strain amplitude-life curves of steel bar samples during LCF and ELCF tests
Fig.6  Half life hysteresis loops for different steel bar samples. (a) uncorroded and corroded for (b) 30 d, (c) 60 d, 90 d (d)
Fig.7  Energy density vs. life curves
Fig.8  Fracture morphologies of steel bar samples. (a) uncorroded and corroded for (b) 30 d, (c) 60 d
Fig.9  Surface morphologies of final fracture zones of steel bar samples. (a, c) uncorroded and (b, d) corroded for 60 d under the strains of (a, b) 3% and (c, d) 4%
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